Sixth-grade English includes literature, grammar, vocabulary, formal and creative writing, and the development of inferential, critical, and evaluative thought processes. Through novel units, poetry, and a broad, literary anthology, sixth graders view the universal themes of love, loyalty, honor, courage, perseverance, loss, grief, and beginnings and endings. Students define and apply their knowledge of the literary elements of plot, theme, characterization, setting, conflict, climax, and denouement as they discuss and develop written responses to the literature examined. The sixth-grade writing process forms the foundation of all writing endeavors, guiding students through prewriting, drafting, editing (self, peer, and teacher editing), final product, and presentation. Students review and master English grammar rules and structure from phrases to complex sentence structure and then apply their grammatical knowledge and usage skills to the writing process and literature. Formal vocabulary-building continues, as does the study of Latin and Greek prefixes, suffixes, and root words.